Guangdong Crown Paint Company Limited

Epoxy vs. Polyurethane,Which Will You Choose for food processing factory


We walk on them, we drop things on them, we work on them, so when it comes to future-proofing a food facility floor, it’simportant to choose materials specifically designed to tackle food industry challenges!

Hardwearing resin floor systems,epoxy and polyurethane, are typically used for busy food plants that subject their floors to physical impacts, point loading and traffic from equipment such as heavily laden pallet trolleys and forklift trucks. Of course, all of these factors can cause damage to a floor finish and if the coating is applied too thinly; hard to clean cracks can appear in the finish, increasing the risk of unwanted bacteria.

To prevent these risks from occurring, businesses, manufacturers and architects are continually looking out for protective floor systems such as epoxy and polyurethane. Although they are often talked about as the same product, they are actually two different types of floor coatings with their own distinct properties. To make sure you’re choosing the right system, we’d compare the two for you.

What are their cost?
Whilst a polyurethane system will initially cost more compared to an epoxy, it is far more cost effective in the long term. In fact, the lifespan of the PU system is roughly double that of the epoxy, clocking an impressive twenty-year’s compared to the epoxy’s ten. PU systems also benefit from their increased wear, abrasion and impact resistance properties.

What resistance do they offer?

In general, epoxy resins offer limited resistance to the organic acids that are found in large quantity of food and drink produce, whereas polyurethane systems boast unrivalled resistance to corrosion, inorganic, alkalis, organic alkalis and solvents.

Are they tolerant to heat?

Polyurethanes provide superior heat, cold and thermal shock tolerance. Epoxies on the other hand are naturally more rigid and are able to move with a concrete substrate when exposed to heat fluctuations. To exemplify this, a standard two-pack, 100% solids epoxy coating, has a heat resistance of up to 85 °C, whereas some PU systems can tolerate 120°C.

This thermal shock resistance is a great benefit in food and beverage facilities where extreme temperature changes often occur on a daily basis. For example when a room is steam cleaned; in areas where hot oven doors are being opened or where there is the possibility of boiling substances spilling onto the floor.


This polyurethane floor provides superior heat resistance of up to 120°C – ideal for food and beverage environments as its durable nature enables it to withstand thermal shock from hot ovens, chemical attacks from food by-products and point loading from heavy equipment.

How are they compared generally?

Polyurethane floors are generally softer and more elastic compared to the epoxy, giving them better resistance to scratching – ideal for spaces like multi-deck car parks, which has high traffic everyday.

Overall, the qualities of the polyurethane system outweigh those of a epoxy coating. Polyurethane is therefore the better choice for food processing companies that work in milk, dairy and cheese production, due to its ability to protect their flooring from organic acids, compared with Epoxies that are likely to experience corrosion and yellowing in these environments.

Which one is recommended for the food industry?

The main difference between PU and epoxy systems is in the molecular structure of the two, which affects how the molecules fuse together during the curing process. Essentially, polyurethanes have a higher cross-link density than epoxies, making them more durable.

In addition, polyurethane floors can offer food factory the opportunity to take hygiene to a higher level, as it  contains antimicrobial additives to prevent bacterial growth.

Contact one of our people,who will be more than happy to discuss your ideas and project.